Free, Prior, and Informed Consent (FPIC) is a principle protected by international human rights standards that state, ‘all peoples have the right to self-determination’ and – linked to the right to self-determination – ‘all peoples have the right to freely pursue their economic, social and cultural development’. FPIC allows indigenous peoples to give or withhold consent to a project that may affect them or their territories.

While the U.S. recognizes “the significance of the Declaration’s provisions on free, prior and informed consent[,]” it qualifies those provisions as a “call for a process of meaningful consultation with tribal leaders.” The federal government’s emphasis on consultation rather than consent is an ongoing challenge for tribes seeking to ensure they have the necessary decision-making authority over projects that affect their lands, territories, and resources.

Related Links:

United Nations Expert Mechanism on Rights of Indigenous Peoples Report: Free, prior and informed consent: a human-rights based approach

United Nations Expert Mechanism on Rights of Indigenous Peoples Report: Free, prior and informed consent: a human-rights based approach

In August 2018, the Expert Mechanism on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples ("EMRIP") presented a study on free, prior and ...
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Guidelines on Free, Prior and Informed Consent (UN-REDD)

Guidelines on Free, Prior and Informed Consent (UN-REDD)

From the guidelines: https://un-declaration.narf.org/wp-content/uploads/2013unredd-fpic-guidelines.pdf The UN-REDD Programme is the United Nations collaborative initiative on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest ...
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Manual for Project Managers: Free Prior and Informed Consent (Food and Agricultural Organization, UN)

Manual for Project Managers: Free Prior and Informed Consent (Food and Agricultural Organization, UN)

From the manual: This Free, Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC) Manual is designed as a tool for project practitioners (herein ...
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Implementing the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. Handbook for Parliamentarians N° 23

Implementing the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. Handbook for Parliamentarians N° 23

https://un-declaration.narf.org/wp-content/uploads/2014-handbook-parliamentarians.pdf From the Handbook: Parliaments play a central role in enacting legislation that recognizes indigenous peoples’ rights and adopting budgetary ...
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Washington Attorney General seal

Washington State Attorney General Ferguson Releases Tribal Consent Policy

Attorney General Bob Ferguson today announced a new policy that requires the Attorney General’s Office to obtain free, prior and ...
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