Concern regarding indigenous languages has two main facets: the vulnerability of indigenous-language speakers and the vulnerability of the languages themselves. For speakers, denial of language rights may infringe on individual dignity, safety, and life, as well as collective interests in identity, knowledge, and culture. With respect to the vitality of the languages themselves, experts estimate that between 50 percent and 90 percent of the world’s nearly seven thousand languages will be extinct by the year 2100. Recognizing both the vulnerability and importance of indigenous languages, Article 13 of the Declaration provides:
(1) Indigenous peoples have the right to revitalize, use, develop and transmit to future generations their histories, languages, oral traditions, philosophies, writing systems and literatures, and to designate and retain their own names for communities, places and persons.
(2) States shall take effective measures to ensure that this right is protected and to ensure that indigenous peoples can understand and be understood in political, legal and administrative proceedings, where necessary through the provision of interpretation or by other appropriate means.
Indigenous Translations of the Declaration